Press Release 020/2012

Emergency Shelters for Disaster Zones

“Next Emergency Camp – Extended Shelter“ Project of German and Spanish Students of Architecture Resulted in a Smart Modular Shelter
Die Studierenden experimentierten mit verschiedenen Zelt- und Dachkonstruktionen,  um die optimale Notbehausung zu entwickeln. (Foto: Institut für Tragkonstruktionen, KIT)
Students tested various roof and tent constructions to develop the optimum shelter. (Photo: Institute for Structural Design, KIT)

An emergency shelter must be rapidly available, inexpensive, easy to transport, and uncomplicated to set up. This is why the tent is the first choice in emergency relief. But often, the temporary solution becomes a permanent one that may last for years. The project of students of architecture at KIT was aimed at improving living conditions in such camps. With the hexagonal construction “x-tent.me”, they developed a transition solution between a temporary shelter and a permanent housing.

Students of the Divisions of “Building Lifecycle Management“ and “Structural Design” of the Department of Architecture at KIT analyzed the advantages and drawbacks as well as possibilities of replacing, adapting, and extending tent constructions in a workshop of one week duration. They assumed scenarios of extreme weather situations, such as sudden onsets of winter in Japan or extreme rainfall in Pakistan. In the course of their work, they also considered the framework conditions and standards of international humanitarian aid organizations. Aspects like logistics, costs, individualization, further use and reuse, recycling, and disposal were taken into account in concept development.

The result: A tent of hexagonal layout. Contrary to square or rectangular models, the hexagonal construction requires few planning interventions only to create a functioning assembly of interior and exterior rooms. Individually usable spaces are created, which counteract excessive efficiency and monotony and allow for an adaptation to cultural traditions in the area of use.

In addition, the students developed an innovative, multi-functional transport box, the size of which is adapted to standardized Euro-pallets. These boxes are modular units that contain the basic tent components as well as special devices adapted to various climate conditions. Every box can be turned into a bed. The cavity between the floor and the bed surface may be used as a lockable storage room or filled with leaves or straw for insulation and additional protection against wet and cold.  

In 2009, the institutes involved already were successful in the students competition “Guerilla Housing – spontaneous living in urban spaces” with their accommodation bin “Roll-it”.

A video documentation on “x-tent.me” is available on KIT’s Youtube channel: www.kit.edu/youtube.

Further information is also given in the current issue of the KIT students magazine ClicKIT at http://www.kit.edu/clickit and on the project website www.x-tent.me.

Being “The Research University in the Helmholtz Association”, KIT creates and imparts knowledge for the society and the environment. It is the objective to make significant contributions to the global challenges in the fields of energy, mobility, and information. For this, about 9,600 employees cooperate in a broad range of disciplines in natural sciences, engineering sciences, economics, and the humanities and social sciences. KIT prepares its 23,300 students for responsible tasks in society, industry, and science by offering research-based study programs. Innovation efforts at KIT build a bridge between important scientific findings and their application for the benefit of society, economic prosperity, and the preservation of our natural basis of life. KIT is one of the German universities of excellence.

tp, 07.02.2012
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Monika Landgraf
Head of Corporate Communications, Chief Press Officer
Phone: +49 721 608-41150
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Press Officer
Phone: +49 721 608-21170
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The press release is available as a PDF file.